The Americas

When examining the four IB regions the Americas seems to be the one with the most homogeneity. All countries have the same alphabet, they are all ex-colonies, they achieved independence at roughly the same time, Christianity is the prevailing religion, and they all manage a certain amount of isolation from the world's events due to geography. Upon closer examination, however, there is an exception to every criterion and usually there are more than two of these. Not only are these two continents ...

Cinco de Mayo

While many bar-goers may know this as a holiday for drinking margaritas and tequila shooters, few know what they are celebrating. Today is the anniversary of the Mexican army's defeat of French forces in the Battle of Puebla in 1862.  The battle is a source of pride as the Mexican army was outnumbered 2 to 1 and was poorly armed relative to the French army, which had not been defeated since the Napoleonic wars. What were the French forces doing in Mexico?  ...

What he said versus what they did

This is relevant to the IB History 20th century topic 5: Cold War and the HL: Americas, Topic 10: Cold War and the Americas, 1945-1981.     In August 1961, US President John F. Kennedy introduced the ambitious Alliance for Progress program, a ten year plan to help promote economic development and social advancement in Latin America.  The reasons for this were simple: to contain communism and promote democracy (aka nation-building). After Kennedy's assassination in November 1953, new Preisdent Lydon B. Johnson addressed  tththe representatives of the countries that subscribed to the Alliance ...