Return of the Bison to the Netherlands

Some eighty years since they were hunted to extinction in Europe, a small herd of wild European bison have been successfully reintroduced to the coastal dunes of the Dutch coast. It could lead to them being reintroduced elsewhere in Europe. The European bison is the largest land-living animal in Europe. It has been extinct in Europe since 1927, and from the Netherlands for hundreds of years. There were attempts to breed the species in Poland in the 1950s, but the European ...

New Release: IB Environmental Systems and Societies – Study & Revision Guide

We are delighted to announce the publication of our new study and revision guide for IB Environmental Systems and Societies (ESS). Written for the requirements of the 2017–2023 exam sessions, this revision guide offers succinct coverage of the whole syllabus for Environmental Systems and Societies, with extensive self-test material to help students prepare for mocks and final exams. Clearly structured to match the curriculum, it offers exam tips and original case studies.   Here’s what author Adrian Palmer said about his book: I have ...

The Rise of the Wolf in Europe

The wolf is on the rise in Europe. In the winter of 2017–18, wolves finally re-appeared in Belgium, the last country from which it had been absent. The wolf is protected by EU law, but a rising tide of hostility is encouraging some politicians to push to kill it. France approved a cull of up to 40 wolves following protests last year. When Germany’s wolf population reached 60 packs, its agriculture minister argued that culling was required.  Finland has reduced its ...

Mass Extinction

About 2 million species of plants, animals and fungi are currently known to science. There may be another 2 million left to discover, possibly 100 million. Nobody knows. However, even as thousands of new species are discovered each year, thousands more are becoming extinct in what is being called the sixth mass extinction. However, to establish that we are in a sixth mass extinction, scientists need to establish the number of species that exist, the rate at which species are currently ...

British ash trees may resist dieback disease

Genetic analysis shows native British ash trees may be more resistant than Danish ones to the deadly fungus that has spread across Europe. The ash is one of Europe’s most common trees. Ash dieback fungus first appeared in the UK in 2012, and has spread rapidly since. It is now found in more than half of the country. It has already affected 90% of trees in Denmark and threatens to all but wipe out ash trees there. The new genetic research ...