New Ammoina

Nitrogen is often considered an inert gas - it has a very high bond energy, so much energy is needed to overcome this strong  triple bond. Nitrogen is useful to us. Nitrogen containing compounds are used to make fertilizers, explosives and is found in every pharmacological drug. 80% of the air is made from the stuff but in order to use it we must first make it into ammonia (NH3) via the Haber - Bosch process. The Haber - Bosch process needs high temperatures (typically ...

Reactions of the Haloalkanes and Testing for Halide Ions

This is a good, straight forward lab that can be used to show the relative strengths of the C-Cl, C-Br and C-I bonds, the tests for the halide ions and the relative stability's of the primary, secondary and tertiary carbocations. You will need some ethanol, 1-bromobutane, 1-chlorobutane and 1-iodobutane, 2-bromobutane and 2-bromo-2-methylpropane. To three separate test tubes add 2cm3 of ethanol. Place this in a beaker of hot water (60 oC, from a kettle) and allow the ethanol to reach the same ...