An Introduction to Equilibria

Equilibria can be a tricky concept to understand. In order to understand it, you need a good idea of reversible reactions and then a good idea of a dynamic equilibria. So, what is a reversible reaction? Put simply, it is a reaction in which products can be turned into reactants, but reactants can also be turned back into products. This can be shown using the ⇌ symbol: Reactants ⇌ Products For example, ammonium chloride will thermally decompose into ammonia and hydrogen chloride gases, but these gases will ...

New Ammoina

Nitrogen is often considered an inert gas - it has a very high bond energy, so much energy is needed to overcome this strong  triple bond. Nitrogen is useful to us. Nitrogen containing compounds are used to make fertilizers, explosives and is found in every pharmacological drug. 80% of the air is made from the stuff but in order to use it we must first make it into ammonia (NH3) via the Haber - Bosch process. The Haber - Bosch process needs high temperatures (typically ...