Global Enlightenment

The eighteenth –century Democratic Enlightenment was made possible by the removal of traditional paradigms such as the supreme authority of the Church in matters of religion and the divine right of kings in political matters. This original phase culminated in the American and French revolutions. The nineteenth-century Liberal Enlightenment was driven by thinkers such as Tocqueville, Bentham and J.S Mill. Marx was, in his own way, part of this intellectual movement of emancipation tragically ‘hijacked’ by European imperial ...

global enlightenment

Global Enlightenment The eighteenth –century Democratic Enlightenment was made possible by the removal of traditional paradigms such as the supreme authority of the Church in matters of religion and the divine right of kings in political matters. This original phase culminated in the American and French revolutions. The nineteenth-century Liberal Enlightenment was driven by thinkers such as Tocqueville, Bentham and J.S Mill. Marx was, in his own way, part of this intellectual movement of emancipation tragically ‘hijacked’ by European ...