Plato’s pessimism in The Republic

Despite its enduring appeal and timeless celebration of the sovereign power and beauty of Philosophy, The Republic reflects its author’s pessimistic views on human nature and the world of politics. The description of the prisoners in the cave sadly demonstrates how easily the masses can be manipulated and turned into consenting slaves as they are reduced to the condition of children, foolishly entertained by a mere clay puppet spectacle. Also, the human potential to become philosophically enlightened is only realised ...