El Grito de Dolores and source evaluation

Very shortly, Mexico and the Central American countries will be celebrating their independence from Spain. This year also marks the 200th anniversary of the "Grito de Dolores", an impassioned speech made by Father Manuel Hidalgo to incite his parish in the city of Dolores, most of whom were indigenous or mestizos, to rebel against Spanish rule.  It marked the beginning of an 11-year struggle that culminated in the end of the Viceroyalty of New Spain and the creation of Mexico. As an IB teacher, the ...

Cinco de Mayo

While many bar-goers may know this as a holiday for drinking margaritas and tequila shooters, few know what they are celebrating. Today is the anniversary of the Mexican army's defeat of French forces in the Battle of Puebla in 1862.  The battle is a source of pride as the Mexican army was outnumbered 2 to 1 and was poorly armed relative to the French army, which had not been defeated since the Napoleonic wars. What were the French forces doing in Mexico?  ...