Advice on the IB Philosophy Internal Assessment

The Christmas break is a unique opportunity for teachers to recharge their intellectual batteries and perhaps dedicate some free time to exploring areas of personal interest in more depth. There is no doubt that a teacher showing enthusiasm for his subject is a marvellous asset for his students. Better still, a teacher who happens to be a specialist in one particular area of the syllabus can inspire and motivate them in their choice and handling of stimulus material for the ...

From political rights to the right to basic human needs

One significant new development in the debate on rights, going back as far back as the natural rights tradition of Grotius and Pufendorf down to John Rawls’s Theory of Justice , is the new approach and definition of what formerly-called ‘natural rights’ actually entail. Globalisation has highlighted the blatant social injustice prevailing between so-called ‘industrialised’ countries and ‘developing’ ones. The Lockean notion that ‘life, liberty and property’ summarise the legitimate aspirations of every human being, or possibly, every human being ...

Is globalization the ultimate realisation of Human History?

Hegel famously coined the phrase ‘the ruse of reason’ to describe the power of causes unknown to mankind on its onward march towards the historical revelation of Spirit or ultimate Wisdom. Could it be that globalization is nothing but the very manifestation of ‘the ruse of reason’, leading a reluctant human race to more solidarity and cooperation, not to mention self-understanding? Kant, before Hegel, conceived History as a long process of self-realization towards a state of universal Enlightenment. The philosopher ...