On Plato’s educational programme in The Laws

Education or paideia is a central concern to both 'The Republic' and 'The Laws'. However, the educational programme developed in 'The Republic' is heavily biased towards the intellectual development of the future philosopher-Guardians. The ‘productive class’ is not encouraged to rise above its station and for this reason Plato does not see the necessity for the lower class of the ‘perfect state’ to be educated as fully-fledged citizens. 'The Laws', on the other hand, place a much higher premium on ...