Forwards, backwards, left or right? – Equilibria Part 1

There were a few questions on equilibria in this year’s May exams. As a teacher I felt that students didn’t perform very well on these questions (I have no evidence for this apart from conversations with a very small number of students who sat the exams) so thought that this month may be an opportunity to help reinforce and summarise some of the concepts covered. First of all, what do we mean by equilibrium? A reaction that is at equilibrium doesn’t ...